Different Types of Paint Products and Their Formulas

Oil-based and latex paints are the most common paints used today. Painting is an art as well as a science, and it can be complicated to find the right one for your home. However, it is one of the easiest ways to improve the appearance of your home or commercial building. In this article, we look at some of the products and formulations that painting contractors use today.

Oil-Based Paints

Oil-based paints are durable and usually last longer than water-based ones. That being said, it also takes longer for the pigment to set in and dry on your walls. They are popular with painting contractors because they have a smoother and more consistent finish than most latex paints. They are also durable and suitable for busier areas of your home, such as the kitchen.

However, cleaning up any accidental brushstrokes from oil-based paints can be messy since they are hard to remove from surfaces. You’ll need an appropriate paint thinner to wash off the paint from brushes or when you make mistakes on your walls.

Latex and Acrylic Paints

Latex and acrylic paints have several benefits: they’re low odor, simple to clean up, and dry up quickly. Because they set in faster, they are a suitable choice when you need to renovate a small room, like a bedroom.

While latex is water-based, acrylic is chemical-based. That means that cleaning is uncomplicated with latex. But that can be a disadvantage as it dries up too fast to create a consistent finish. Latex paints also deteriorate when exposed to direct sunlight or heat so it’s important to keep that in mind when you’re talking to painting contractors.


The purpose of the primer is to create a consistent surface so that the resulting finish is smooth. Unfortunately, some latex paints will not bond very well with certain primers. For that reason, painting contractors usually opt for oil-based products. They all seem to agree that oil-based paints are more suitable if you don’t know the kind of coating that was previously on the surface.

Gloss Paints

A painting contractor will also consider the paint’s finish before coating your home. There are several types of gloss, which include: flat, matte, eggshell, and satin, semi-gloss, and gloss.

Flat and matte paints have little or no gloss, which hides surface inconsistencies better. For that reason, they are among the top choice for painting ceilings and walls.

Gloss and semi-gloss paints have a conspicuous and reflective sheen. They are also more considered to be more durable than eggshell and satin. However, they make surface inconsistencies more noticeable. To strike a balance between durability and finish, house painters often opt for eggshell or satin.

Paints for the Exterior

For exterior residential painting, there are specially formulated products that can withstand the elements of the weather. Ideally, you should go for enamel paints when painting your home’s exterior since they are resistant to cracking, yellowing, and stains.

Painting contractors choose enamel paints for roof coating, siding, and other parts of the home that are exposed to the elements. This may also include windows, doors, and flooring.

Before you repaint your home, you need to understand the implications of the different formulations of paints. Some pigments are durable, while others provide an elegant sheen. If you are still unsure about the paint to use, your painting contractor can help you choose the right one for your home. For more information on commercial or residential painting services, contact Blue Coyote Painting today.